RTE Act 2009: Right To Education Act– Every home should have literacy, only then will the development of the country be the greatest strength of any developed or developing country. The youth and children of that country are. In the true sense, children are the biggest strength of the country’s economy because only children grow up to become young and advance the country through their knowledge. If they are deprived of education in childhood or are unable to earn the right education, then you can imagine what the future of that country will be like.
Our India has been a world guru since ancient times. The void was discovered by the great mathematician of our country, Aryabhata. India has been the birth giver of world renowned educational institutions like Taxila and Nalanda. But foreign invaders burned our libraries, destroyed Gurukuls. As a result, our standard of education fell and continued to decline even after independence.
Many children were deprived of education and the literacy rate was very low. In order to improve the same and all the children can get education, the RTE Act has been passed by the Government of India. Today through this post we will tell you what is the RTE Act? And when did the RTE Act come into force? Will provide complete information of RTE Act 2009.
What is RTE ACT 2009
The Right to Free and Compulsory Child Education Act 2009 is one of the 6 fundamental rights provided to citizens by the Government of India, a provision implemented under the Right to Culture and Education. In simple words the Right to Education Act is Indian Kanoon, which came into force from 1 April 2010. Article 21A of the Indian Constitution is called the RTE Act. According to this act, children between 6-14 years of age have legal right to free and compulsory education.
Full Form of RTE Act
The full form of the RTE Act is the Right to Education Act. It is also known as Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act / Right to Free and Compulsory Child Education Act 2009.
When Passed The RTE Act
The RTE Act was passed by the Indian Parliament on 4 August 2009 and came into effect from 1 April 2010.
RTE (Right To Education) Act In India
The Indian Constitution is the most flexible and comprehensive constitution in the world. After the implementation of the Right to Education Act, India has also joined the list of 135 countries. Where there is a provision of compulsory and free education for children.
Provisions of RTE Act 2009/ Main Features of Right to Education 2009 act
Aims and Objectives of Right to Education Act 2009 is as follows:
Under the Provisions of RTE Act 2009, free education will be provided to all children aged 6-14.
Private schools will have to provide free education to 25% of the poor children aged 6-14 years, and failing to do so may result in fines of 10 times more than the fees recovered and can also lead to cancellation of school recognition.
- Even after the cancellation of the recognition, there is a provision of one lakh rupees for running the school and after that a penalty of ten thousand rupees daily.
- Shiksha Ka Adhikar Adhiniyam 2009 (RTE Act 2009) is that it has increased the age of free education for children with disabilities from 14 to 18 years.
- It will be the responsibility of the Center and the state to provide free education to children.
- Many schools demand per capital fees at the time of admission and parents of children have to be interviewed. Under this act, it has been said to change the process of admission.
- According to this act, a fine of Rs 25,000 will be charged for screening children and interviewing parents and Rs 50,000 for repeat.
- According to the RTE Act, teachers cannot afford tuition.
- Children who have not been admitted by this act, they can get admission according to their age group.
- The Act has made standards and differences between the ratio of students and teachers, school buildings, teachers’ working hours and school working days etc.
- The RTE Act prevents physical and mental harassment on students.
- The Child Education and Child Centric Education System has been introduced by the Right to Education Act.
- This act is designed to promote the child’s overall development, knowledge, ability and talent and to free the child from fear, trauma and anxiety.
RTE Act 2009 (Right to Education Act 2009) Role and Responsibilities of Teachers
Provisions have also been given for Shiksha Ka Adhikar Adhiniyam 2009(RTE Act 2009) Role of teachers:
- According to this provision, it has been ensured that in every state, district or block, there is a fixed ratio between the number of students and teachers rather than the average number of teachers.
- This provision ensures equal number of posting of teachers in both urban and rural areas.
- This provision ensures the role of teachers in census, assembly and Lok Sabha elections, disaster management etc. along with the ban on the deployment of teachers in non-academic works.
- The RTE Act ensures the appointment of appropriately trained and qualified educational teachers.
Criticism of right to education (RTE Act)
Some of the major criticisms or shortcomings of the Right to Education Act are written below:
- Equal education is more important than free and compulsory education. The government should have announced that, every child in the country would go to the same school and the same curriculum would be taught in all schools.
- In this bill, there is no mention about 17 crore children up to the age of six years.
- The bill does not mention the budget provision for free education.
- Admission without any document is mentioned by this act. But in some states, the rules already being followed are being followed. In which documents like BPL card, birth certificate, caste certificate etc. are submitted only after submission. Many orphan children are deprived of education due to these rules.
- The Act violates the constitutional right of private managers to “run their institutions without any government intervention”.
RTE Act 2009 Teachers Qualification
Teachers Eligibility Test is conducted for teachers under RTE Act, for which the minimum qualification is shown below:
Primary Stage Class 1-5
Senior Secondary with minimum 50% marks and D.El.Ed.
Senior Secondary with minimum 50% marks and B.El.Ed.
Senior Secondary with minimum 50% marks and D.Ed.
Graduation and D.El.Ed.
Elementary Stage Class 6-8
Graduation and D.El.Ed.
Graduation with minimum 50% marks and B.Ed.
Senior Secondary with minimum 50% marks and B.El.Ed.
Senior Secondary with minimum 50% marks and B.A. Ed. / B.Sc. Ed.
Aims and Objectives of Right to Education Act 2009
The Right to Free and Compulsory Child Education (Amendment) Act 2019 was passed in the Indian Parliament on 3 January 2019. Some of the major points of amendment in RTE Act 2019 are shown below:
- This new bill has been amended to end the policy of no detention in schools, as per the current provision no student can be failed till 8th grade.
- If a child fails in class 5th or 8th, according to this new bill, that child will be given an opportunity to re-test within two months.
- Special education will be provided for two months for better performance of the failed children.
- If the child is not able to pass the examination again, then that child can be failed.
Conclusion of RTE act 2009
Today we have provided almost all the information related to the Right to Education Act 2009. If you want to get admission of a child under RTE Act then you can get admission in any school. RTE Act in CBSE Schools, State Board School etc. provides legal right to get education in all boards. Apart from this, if you are preparing for any competitive exam then this information is very important for you.