You probably don’t need to ask what is Android . Android Phone is available at home in India today. Android has become a very important mobile platform in the whole world by improving itself in a very short time.
By the way, many will know about what is Android and what are its benefits, but there are many people who are completely new in the world of Android and who do not have any information about it.
In such a situation, this article will be very beneficial evidence for those people, along with those who have a lot of knowledge, they will also get to learn something new.
By the way, if I tell the truth, many of us use Smartphones, but they do not know whether their mobile phone is Android or Windows or iOS.
There is nothing wrong in this because everybody works in different fields , so if I ask a teacher to cut wood, then he might not be able to do this, to teach a woodcutter, he cannot do it. .
Keeping in mind the same purpose, today I am going to give you complete information about what is the Android Operating System so that the next time someone asks you any information related to Android Phones or Android, you are also able to answer it.
Can be Because I believe that if you do not know any information, then there is nothing wrong in it, but if you do not want to know anything new then there is a lot of wrong in it.
What is Android?
Android is not a phone nor an application, it is an operating system based on linux kernel . If I say it in easy language, Linux is an operating system which is mainly used in server and desktop computer. So Android is just a version of Linux that has been created after a lot of modification. Yes but it is related.
Android is an operating system that was designed keeping the mobile in view. So that all the functions and applications of the phone can be run easily in it.
Whatever you see in the phone’s display are all part of the operating system . Whenever you get a call, text message or email, your OS processes it and presents it to you in readable format.
Android OS has been divided into many versions and according to their features, operation, stability, which have been given different numbers.
So if you have ever heard a name like Android Lollipop, Marshmallow or Nougat then let me tell you that these are all different version names of Android OS or Operating System.
History of Android Inc.
Android Inc. The original creators of Andy Rubin , which Google bought in 2005, and after that they were made the core of Android Development.
Google bought Android because they felt that Android is a very new and interesting concept, with the help of which they can create powerful but free operating system and which later proved to be true.
With the help of Android, Google got a good reach of younger audience and with this, very good Android employees also joined Google.
On March 2013, Andy Rubin decided to leave the company and decided to work in his second project. But even after this, there was no ups and downs in Android, and Andy Rubin’s vacancy was filled by Sundar Pichai.
Pichai, who hails from India, used to be the head of Chrome OS before and his expertise and experience was well used by Google in this new project.
Android is a great mobile operating system
Android is such a great mobile operating system that has been made by Google, if seen, the software made by Google is used in almost all mobile phones in the world today. Except Apple’s iPhones only.
Android is a Linux-based software system. Like Linux is an open source software and with it it is also absolutely free. This means that other mobile companies can also use Android Operating Systems.
The distinguishing factor in this is that this brand’s kernel . Hosts Android’s Central Core, which is essentially a strip code and helps the software to operate.
Versions of Android
Below I have mentioned about the different version of Android Operating System. These are the versions that Android has released so far. And perhaps we have used many for the last few years and are still doing so.
- Android 1.0 Alpha
- Android 1.1 Beta
- Android 1.5 Cupcake
- Android 1.6 Donut
- Android 2.1 Lightning
- Android 2.3 Froyo
- Android 2.3 Gingerbread
- Android 3.2 Honeycomb
- Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich
- Android 4.1 Jelly Bean
- Android 4.2 Jelly Bean
- Android 4.3 Jelly Bean
- Android 4.4 KitKat
- Android 5.0 Lollipop
- Android 5.1 Lollipop
- Android 6.0 Marshmallow
- Android 7.0 Nougat
- Android 7.1 Nougat
- Android 8.0 Oreo
- Android 8.1 Oreo
- Android 9.0 Pie
- Android 10
Android OS Evolution – Travel from Android Beta to Pie
I think all of you must be using Android Phones, or even using Tablets which use Android Operating System. Let me tell you that Android was developed by Google and Open Handset Alliance.
After that Android has been releasing its brand new versions since November 2007. One interesting thing is that Android Versions is given a special code name and is released in alphabetic order.
This work is being done since April 2009. It has different names like Cupcake, Donut, Éclair, Froyo, Gingerbread, Honeycomb, Ice cream sandwich, Jelly Bean, KitKat, Lollipop, Marshmallow, Nougat, Oreo and Pie. Seeing the name, you must have come to know that it is named after desserts from all over the world.
Android Versions and their features
Now I am going to tell you about different versions of Android Operating System so that you will know what changes Android has brought in different versions.
It was the first Android version and was released in November 2007.
This was the first commercial version released on September 23, 2008. It had many features such as Android Market application, Web browser, zoom and plan full HTML, and XHTML web pages, cameras support, access to web email servers; Gmail; Google contacts; Google Calendar; Google maps; Google Sync; Google Search; Google Talk; YouTube; Wi-Fi etc.
This version is also known as “Petit Four” and was released in February 9, 2009. The facility of longer in-call screen timeout was by default when you use speakerphone. Along with this, there was also a facility to save attachments of messages.
Android 1.5 Cupcake
This Android 1.5 version was released on April 30, 2009, and was based on Linux kernel 2.6.27. This was the first version that was named after a dessert.
This updated version had many features such as support for Widgets, third party virtual keyboard , video recording and playback, animated screen transitions etc. and with it you could upload videos to YouTube and photos to Picasa.
Android 1.6 Donut
It was released on September 15, 2009, and was based on Linux Kernel 2.6.29. This version had many such features as multilingual speech synthesis, gallery, camera, camcorder etc. With this, it also supported WVGA screen resolutions.
Android 2.0 / 2.1 Flash
Eclair was released on October 26, 2009, which was based on Linux kernel 2.6.29. This change also had many features like expanded account sync, Exchange email support, Bluetooth 2.1 support. With this, by tapping the contacts photo in it, you could also call, SMS or email someone, with this, it also had the facility of search all saved SMS and MMS. Along with this, other features like new camera features, improved typing speed on the virtual keyboard, improved google maps 3.1.2 were also available.
Android 2.2.x Froyo
Android 2.3.x Gingerbread
December 6, 2010, Gingerbread was released, based on Linux kernel 2.6.35. It had many features like extra-large screen sizes, faster text input in the virtual keyboard, enhanced copy paste functionality, support for Near Field Communication, New Download Manager. etc. With this, Gingerbread and many other things were supported like multiple cameras on the device, improved power management, concurrent garbage collection etc.
Android 3.x Honeycomb
This version Android 3.0 was released on February 22, 2011. It was based on Linux kernel 2.6.36. It had a new virtual and “holographic” user interface with which added system bar, action bar and redesigned keyboard were also attached. Along with this, other features like multitasking, allows multiple browser tabs, provides quick access to the camera, support video for chat using Google Talk were also available.
Android 4.0.x Ice Cream Sandwich
The Ice Cream Sandwich version was publicly released on October 19, 2011,. Its source code was made available on November 14, 2011. With the help of this version, folders could be easily created, many features were available such as separation of widgets in a new tab, integrated screenshot capture, better voice integration, consist of face unlock, with customizable launcher, improved copy and paste functionality. , built-in photo editor, improved camera app with zero shutter lag . Android 4.0 consist of Android Beam a near field communication feature and support WebP image format.
Android 4.1 Jelly Bean
Google released Android 4.1 (Jelly Bean) in June 27, 2012, and was based on Linux kernel 3.0.31. The main objective of this version was how to increase the functionality and performance of the user interface. This version has many features like bi-directional text, ability to turn off notifications on apps, offline voice detection, along with Google Wallet, shortcuts and widgets, multichannel audio, Google Now search application, USB audio, audio chaining etc.
In its second version, which was 4.2 it had many new features such as the new redesigned clock app and clock widgets, multiple user profiles, Photospheres, Daydream ScreenSavers etc.
Android 4.4 “KitKat”
Google released Android 4.4 KitKat in October 2013, along with the Nexus 5 Smartphone. This is the first time in the history of Google that Google has partnered with another brand for Android mascot. Yes friends Google did a huge marketing campaign with Nestle to promote KitKat.
The main objective of the company was to make this new OS even more efficient, faster and less resource intensive. This OS could also run in low-end hardware and old hardware so that other manufacturers could use it in their existing models. This also gave them more encouragement. It also had some very special features about which I have mentioned below.
- Google Now in the home screen
- New Dialer
- Full-screen apps
- Unified Hangouts app
- Redesigned Clock and Downloads apps
- Productivity enhancements
Android 5.0 L
When Android L was about to be released, there was a lot of whisper among the people about its name, some giving it Licorice, some Lemonhead and some giving it the name of Lollipop. And when it was released on October 15, 2014, it was named Android Lollipop. Many such features were adopted in it, which earlier were not mehjud in it.
- Better material design, excellent color interfaces, playful transitions and more.
- Multitasking was redefined so that it could work even better
- Some changes have been made in the notification so that you can view all notifications simultaneously in HomeScreen and can also cancel it.
- Best Battery Life
- This mobile Os has not only been limited to the phone itself, but now Android Wear has also been promoted so that you could use it in your hands.
Android 6.0 Marshmallow
This version of Android was released on October 5, 2015. It was very similar in appearance to the previous Os. But some important changes were brought in it which made it somewhat different. I have mentioned below about some such features so that you can get more information about it.
- With the help of Google Now on Tap, you can do other work without closing any app. In this, you just have to press the Home button for a long time and Google Now will be overlay with your current app.
- There was a slight improvement in Cut & Paste. So that the user has ease of use.
- From Voice Search directly lock screen, earlier only camera and emergency call could be done but now voice search can be done easily with it.
- Great Security
- Changes in App Permission, in which earlier users had no rights over it, it means that users could not change it but now it can be changed for which you must first go to Settings> Apps> [tap a particular app]> Permissions Features can be turned on and off.
- Google Setting in one place
- For Smart Lock Passwords
- Better Power Saving Options for which you have to follow this path Settings> Battery> Battery optimization (available via the menu in the top-right corner)
- New UI tuner setting
- With this, you can also easily edit the Quick Setting Menu.
Android 7.0 Nougat
Android Nougat was released with Google’s Pixel (Pixel XL) phones on October 4, 2016. It had a lot of exciting features that were not useful in earlier Android Versions.
- Night Light through which you can easily fall even at night without any trouble
- For fingerprint swipe down gesture, all you have to do is swipe your finger across the screen
- Daydream VR Mode
- App Shortcuts
- Circular app icons support
With this, some special features were also made available for Google’s Pixel users. for example
- Pixel Launcher
- Google Assistant
Unlimited original quality photo/video backup to Google Photos.
- Pixel Camera app
- Smart Storage: As soon as storage is over, storage deletes the old backup so that a new store can be created.
- Phone/Chat support
- Quick Switch adapter wired setup के लिए from Android or iPhone.
- Dynamic calendar date icon.
Android 8.0 OREO
This was a much better Android Os update which has been replaced by the new update, if I say more about it then this Android 8.0 Oreo was released on August 18, 2017. Currently, you can use it in only a few devices such as Pixel, Pixel XL, Nexus 5X, Nexus 6P, Nexus Player, and the Pixel C. and other SmartPhones will be provided updates by the end of 2017. Now let’s know what new features are there in this Android update.
- Enhanced Battery Life
- Picture-in-Picture (PiP) According to this, if you are watching a movie and if you have to send an email then you can easily do this work
- Smart Text Selection
- Notification dots in which if some new notification comes in any apps, then it will be seen on it.
- Better Google Assistant
- New Autofill feature
- Wi-Fi Awareness In this, your mobile will automatically start itself by coming into a wifi zone.
- More Safe and Secure
Android 9.0 Pie
The most recent Android Os update is now. This Android 9.0 Pie Os has been officially released on August 6, 2018. It has been named Android Pie, and has many new and exciting features that make it special. If you have a Pixel smartphone, then you will get all the updates of Android Pie comfortably but only digital detox elements Excluding.
Other Android smartphones such as Sony, Xiaomi, Oppo, Vivo, OnePlus and Essential will get these updates within a few months. Google itself has stated that all these devices are only part of their Beta program.
Now let’s know what new features are there in this Android update.
- Adaptive Battery : Adaptive Battery has been used in it, which uses machine learning to make apps functional properly. Apart from this, apps are used in an energy-efficient manner so that they are turned ON only if the user does not use them, then they remain in inactive condition.
- Adaptive Brightness : It provides ambient lighting according to your personal preferences, and it makes those adjustments for you in the background.
- App Actions : This is a very new feature in which Os can predict what action you are going to take next on top of the user’s app use. This app can be about predictions.
- Android Dashboard : It has been specially designed to understand the habits of the user, which can provide you meaningful engagement. It can show you how many times you unlock your phone, how many notifications you received, how many apps you used. With this, it gives you control of how and when you are spending your time.
- App Timer : This feature gives you control of how long you want to use your apps, at the end of time, it provides you with noticfication. This is going to be very important for those who want to use their time properly.
- Slush Gesture : With this feature, you can turn your phone and automatically bring it to Do Not Disturb mode.
- Wind Down Mode : In this feature you just have to tell the Google Assistant about your bedtime and when that time is near, it automatically turns on Do Not Disturb and turns on the greyscale mode of your screen is.
Android 10 is Google’s latest Mobile Os, which has not yet been released. After Android P, many new features have been added to it and keeping in mind the safety and security of the users, new safety features have also been installed in it.
Now let’s also know about some special features of Android Q.
Better Permissions Controls
Compared to the rest of Android version, we will get to see much better permission control in it, so that the user will get more control over his phone.
heard that Samsung and other compaines are going to launch foldable phones soon and in such a situation they will need a new OS. So it has already been tailored to foldable phones.
Faster sharing can be shared
much faster than the first Os version in it. Which is going to be very useful for users later.
Built-in screen recording
It has the facility of built-in screen recording so that screen recording can be done easily.
In-app settings panel
There are many such settings provided in the In-app settings panel that can increase the usability of the user.
a system-wide dark mode, this was a much awaited update that was desired by many android users. So they have provided system wide only dark mode in the new update .
In Depth formats for
Photos, they have also used depth formats to improve this so that the resolution of the photos can be greatly improved.
HDR10 + Support
It has now started supporting HDR10 + as well.
New theming options
Many new theming options have been provided in it so that now users can easily choose their favorite theme.
Better privacy protections In Android,
as Android had already promised that they will strengthen the privacy protection of the new OS even more and they have done the same with this new OS.
Do Android updates cost money?
Downloading and installing Android Updates is absolutely free. By updating, you can find many new features in your mobile phone. And with this, the speed and performance of your Android Phones increase with each update.
In mostly new and high-end Android Phones, you can get new Android updates first. Yes, let’s assume that you will get at least one update in all Android phones and you can get updates twice in any phone.
What Android’s Biggest Competitors is Apple & Windows Phone.
Apple may be the biggest competitor of Android, but with it Windows Phone has also joined this race. Gradually, but Windows Phone is also spreading its foot and is developing itself according to a reputable mobile ecosystem. Supposed that Apple and Android phones are still the first choice of people in the market, yet Windows Phone wanted to increase curiosity among people by giving good cameras in Nokia Mobiles.
Apple started both the SmartPhone and Tablet industries together when they released the iPhone in 2007 and the iPad in 2010. Both of these were not only good in the market, but also supported a lot by the people. In the same way, Android too has acquired a significant amount of possession all over the world. If we talk about popularity, then Apple is still performing better than Android. Similarly, if they are placed in a serial number less than the more popular, then the first number can be placed second by Apple and Android in third place.
This “Open Source” model makes Android unique
The biggest competition of Android SmartPhones and Tablets comes in Apple iPhone and iPad. The biggest difference between these two operating systems is that Android’s OS is Open Source and Free, while Apple’s iOS is completely closed which means nothing can be tampered with. For example, in iOS we cannot change the default browser from Safari to Google Chrome.
In Apple, you have many restrictions in these default apps, which makes it a big problem to use them and you cannot even try anything new in it. At the same time, with Android being Open Source, you can use your desired apps in it. The use of these two is very old, here I want to tell you one thing that all this is a matter for personal preference. The rest is up to you which type of SmartPhone you want to use.
By the way, the way Android is launching its new products and adopting the latest technology, according to that, the future of Android is looking very bright. Recently, Google has already given predictions about its future with strange gadgets like Smart Watch, Google Glass, Google Cars. We hope that Google is even more successful in this historic step. And for the help of common people, create even better things.
I sincerely hope that I have given you complete information about what is Android and I hope you all have understood about Android. I request all of you readers that you too should share this information in your neighborhood, relatives and friends, so that our awareness will be there and it will benefit everyone. I need your support so that I can convey more new information to you.
It has always been my endeavor that I always help my readers or readers from all sides, if you people have any doubt of any kind, then you can ask me irresponsibly. I will definitely try to solve those Doubts. How did you feel about this article Android,