Name server translates domain names to IP addresses. This makes it possible for a user to be able to access the website without the actual IP address of the website. For example, when you type ” www.microsoft.com ,” then requests are sent to Microsoft’s name server which in return returns the IP address of the Microsoft website.
Each domain name has at least two name servers listed when the domain is registered. These name servers are commonly called ns1.servername.com and ns2.servername.com , while “servername” is the name of the server. The first server listed is the primary server, while the second server is used on the backup server if the first server does not respond.
Name servers are a fundamental part of Domain Name System (DNS). This allows domain names to use websites in place of IP addresses, which is difficult to remember. To know that, you can use the WHOIS lookup tool to know about domain name’s name servers.